Cunnamulla, meaning long stretch of water, gets its name from the picturesque Warrego River which meanders past and is a popular spot for fishing and water sports. The main industries within the Shire are beef, fat lamb and wool production, apiary, grapes, wildlife harvesting, opal mining and the ever increasing Tourism Industry. Cunnamulla is serviced twice a week by Qld Rail from Brisbane and Skytrans from Brisbane and three times a week by Kynoch Coaches from Toowoomba.
A large number of services are available within Cunnamulla including two primary schools and one secondary school, medical centre, hospital, chemist, baker, butcher, childcare centre, caravan park, post office, library, swimming pool, four churches and houses of worship, hotels, motels, bowling club, golf club, coffee shops, gift shop, newsagent, police station, fruit shop and nursery, hardware stores, electrical shop and a clothing outlet.
As well as the bowling club and golf club there are a number of strong sporting clubs and social activities such as the bike riders, polocrosse, gun club, tennis and swimming club. A number of events are held throughout the year from race meetings to the annual show-with the highlight of each year being the annual "Cunnamulla Fella Festival". The bi-annual Masters Games will be held in 2011.